• the republic of turkey is a country in south-eastern europe and western asia. turkey was the centre of the ottoman empire until 1922, when the last sultan was deposed. the turkish republic was declared in 1923, with mustapha kemal atat?rk as its first president. turkey invaded and occupied northern cyprus in 1974. since the mid-1980s the outlawed pkk (kurdish workers' party) has conducted a guerilla campaign with the aim of creating an independent kurdish state. turkey is a member of the council of europe and nato, and applied for full membership of the european union in 1987. in 1993 s?leyman demirel became president and tansu ciller, of the true path party (dyp) became prime minister. tourism is an important industry, and turkey also produces textiles, food, and chrome. high inflation and large foreign debts are major economic problems.